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Zinc Die Casting

Zinc - The easiest alloy to cast, it offers high ductility, high impact strength and is easily plated. Zinc is economical to cast and has a low melting point and promotes long die life.

A zinc alloy die casting made from Zamak #3 or #5, or a zinc-aluminum alloy casting made from ZA-8 is made in the same general manner as an aluminum die casting. Molten metal is injected into a casting die under high pressure and at a controlled temperature. The metal is rapidly cooled until the solidified part is sufficiently rigid to permit ejection from the mold. The mold has two sections, the "cover" half and the "ejector" half. The die may also have additional moveable segments called slides or pulls, which are used to create features such as undercuts or holes, which are parallel to the parting line.

Zinc die castings dies are run in hot chamber die casting machines. These machines are operated at the required temperatures and pressures to produce a quality part to net-shape or near net-shape specifications. Zinc die castings can be readily machined, plated, painted, powder coated and chrome plated.

Some of the more typical applications for zinc and ZA alloy die castings are: the electronics industry, hardware, plumbing fixtures, automotive products, motorcycle hardware, parts for the lighting industry, hand and power tools, and sporting goods.

Zinc die casting alloys offer a broad range of excellent physical and mechanical properties. Thinner sections and walls can be die cast in zinc alloy than in any of the commonly used die casting alloys.
Zinc alloy generally allows for greater variation in section design and can achieve tighter dimensional tolerances.

Zinc die castings are versatile and can be found in many of the things that we use every day.


  Aluminum Die Casting Alloys Zinc Die Casting Alloys
  A360 A380 383 B390 A413 518 #2 #3 #5 #7 ZA-8 ZA-12 ZA-27
Ultimate Tensile Strength (ksi) 46 47 45 46 42 45 53 41 48 41 54 59 62
Tensile Yield Strength (ksi) 24 23 22 36 19 28 41 32 39 32 41-43 45-48 52-55
Compressive Yield Strength ( ksi) - - - - - - 93 60 87 60 37 39 52
Elongation (% in 2") 3.5 3.5 3.5 <1 3.5 5.0 7 10 7 13 6-10 4-7 2.0-3.5
Hardness(BHN) 500kg load 10mm ball 75 80 75 120 80 80 100 82 91 80 100-103 95-105 116-122
Shear Strength, (ksi) 26 27 - - 25 29 46 31 38 31 40 43 47
Impact Strength ft-lb ASTM .25" die cast bar - 3 3 - - 7 35 43 48 43 24-35 15-27 7-12
Fatigue Strength (ksi)(Rotary Bent 108) 18 20 21 20 19 20 8.5 6.9 8.2 6.9 15 - 21
Young's Modulus  ( psi x 106) 10.3 10.3 10.3 11.8 - - 12.4 12 11.3
  Aluminum die casting alloys Zinc die casting alloys
  A360 A380 383 B390 A413 518 #2 #3 #5 #7 ZA-8 ZA-12 ZA-27
Density (lbs./in3) 0.095 .098 .099 .098 .096 .093 .24 .24 .24 .24 .227 .218 .181
Melting Range (°F) 1035-1105 1000-1100 960-1080 950-1200 1065-1080 995-1150 715-734 718-728 717-727 718-728 707-759 710-810 708-903
Specific Heat BTU/ lb °F 0.230 0.230 0.230 - 0.230 - .10 .10 .10 .10 .104 .107 .125
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (µ in./in. °F X 10-6) 11.6 12.1 11.7 10.0 11.9 13.4 15.4 15.2 15.2 15.2 12.9 13.4 14.4
Thermal Conductivity   (BTU / ft hr °F) 65.3 55.6 55.6 77.4 70.21 55.6 60.5 65.3 62.9 65.3 66.3 67.1 72.5
Electrical Conductivity (% IACS) 29 23 23 27 31 24 25.0 27.0 26.0 27.0 27.7 28.3 29.7
Poisson's Ratio .33 .33 .33 - - - .30 .30 .30 .30 .30 .30 .30

 

  Aluminum alloy chemical specifications (% by weight) Zinc alloy chemical specifications (% by weight)
  A360 A380 383 B390 A413 518   #2 #3 #5 #7 ZA-8 ZA-12 ZA-27
Silicon (Si) 9.0-10.0 7.5-9.5 9.5-11.5 16.0-18.0 11.0-13.0 .35 Aluminum (Al) 3.9-4.3 3.9-4.3 3.9-4.3 3.9-4.3 8.2-8.8 10.8-11.5 25.5-28.0
Iron (Fe) 1.3 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.8 Magnesium (Mg) .025-.05 .03-.06 .03-.06 .01-.02 .02-.03 .02-.03 .012-.02
Copper (Cu) .6 3.0-4.0 2.0-3.0 4.0-5.0 1.0 .25 Copper (Cu) 2.7-3.3 .10 .7-1.1 .10 .9-1.3 .5-1.2 2.0-2.5
Manganese (Mn) .35 .50 .50 .50 .35 .35 Iron (Fe) .035 .035 .035 .075 .035 .05 .07
Magnesium (Mg) .4-.6 .30 .10 .45-.65 .1 7.5-8.5 Lead (Pb) .004 .004 .004 .002 .002 .005 .005
Nickel (Ni) .5 .5 .3 .10 .5 .15 Cadmium (Cd) .003 .003 .003 .002 .005 .005 .005
Zinc (Zn) .5 3.0 3.0 1.5 .5 .15 Tin (Sn) .0015 .0015 .0015 .0010 .002 .002 .002
Tin (Sn) .15 .35 .15 - .15 .15 Nickel (Ni) - - - .005-.020 - - -
Titanium (Ti) - - - .10 - - Zinc (Zn) Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal.
Others (each) - - - .10 - -                
Others (Total) .25 .50 .50 .20 .25 .25                
Aluminum (Al) Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal.